The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has released a revised 2018 edition of NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code. This version replaces the prior edition published in 2015. NFPA 30 is referenced in numerous OSHA, emergency prevention and pollution prevention regulatory programs and becomes enforceable under OSHA and many state and local regulations; therefore, new or amended requirements in the revised edition become immediately enforceable requirements. NFPA 30 provides safeguards to reduce the hazards associated with the storage, handling, and use of flammable and combustible liquids.
The NFPA 30 code applies to the storage, handling, and use of flammable and combustible liquids, including waste liquids. It is intended to “reduce the hazard to a degree consistent with reasonable public safety, without undue interference with public convenience and necessity, of operations that require the use of flammable and combustible liquids.” Compliance with the code does not eliminate all hazards in the use of flammable and combustible liquids.
The NFPA 30 code does not apply to:
- Any liquid that has a melting point of 100°F (37.8°C) or greater
- Any cryogenic fluid or liquefied gas
- Any liquid that does not have a flash point, but which is capable of burning under certain conditions
- Mixtures of flammable or combustible liquids and halogenated hydrocarbons either do not exhibit a flash point using the standard closed-cup test methods or will exhibit elevated flash points.
- Any aerosol product, which are addressed in NFPA 30B, Code for the Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol Products.
- Any mist, spray, or foam
- Transportation of flammable and combustible liquids as governed by the U.S. Department of Transportation, which are addressed in NFPA 385, Standard for Tank Vehicles for Flammable and Combustible Liquids, and in the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Hazardous Materials Regulations, Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 100–199.
- Storage, handling, and use of fuel oil tanks and containers connected with oil-burning equipment, which are addressed in NFPA 31, Standard for the Installation of Oil- Burning Equipment.
- Use and installation of alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) Dispensers, which are addressed in NFPA1, Fire Code, and NFPA101, Life Safety Code.